At a concert at Republic Square marking the centennial of the First Republic

Armenia Marks Centennial of First Republic


YEREVAN (Armenpress) — The 100th anniversary of the First Republic of Armenia and the May heroic battles were solemnly celebrated in Armenia. Prime Minister of Armenia Nikol Pshinyan, President Armen Sarkissian, Catholicos of All Armenian Karekin II, President of Artsakh Bako Sahakyan, Defense Minister of Armenia Davit Tonoyan, Chief of General Staff of the Armed Forces of Armenia Artak Davtyan, Director of the National Security Service of Armenia  Artur Vanetsyan, Police Chief Valery Osipyan, Deputy Prime Minister Tigran Avinyan and other high level officials were present at the ceremony at Sardarapat Memorial.

At the beginning of the ceremony Pshinyan,  Sarkissian, Catholicos Karekin II and Sahakyan laid flowers at the memorial eternalizing the memory of the victims of the May heroic battles, after which Pashinyan delivered a speech.

His speech was followed by the solemn military parade, during which the history of the establishment of the Armenian army and the heroic path of the Armenian people during the May heroic battles, Great Patriotic War, Artsakh liberation war were introduced.

The procession was led by Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Armenia, Major-General Andranik Makaryan.

President Armen Sarkissian, back, with Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan and Artsakh President Bako Sahakyan

The servicemen of a united Armenian-Russian military unit also participated in the march. About 200 servicemen from the Southern Military District of Russia stationed in Armenia also participated in the military parade for the first time.

On his way back to Yerevan, Pashinyan covered some part of the road on foot, approaching the gathered citizens and talking with them.

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The festive events dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the First Republic of Armenia and the May heroic battles will be concluded by a concert at the Republic Square.

The formula of victory for the Armenian people is relying on its own strengths and believing in victory, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan said in his remarks at the Sardarapat Memorial on Republic Day, May 28.

According to the prime minister, each time the Armenian people have won, they decided they had to win and they believed in themselves.

“We have won and we will win in all the events when we will decide to win, when we will rely on ourselves rather than others, when we will not give in before any difficulty, when we will love, love unlimitedly our fatherland and each other, when we will not attempt to tie our personal interests to our own people and the state, when each and every citizen will realize that he is an owner in his country, not a vassal,” the PM said.

He said that this sense of an owner isn’t simply a right, but also a duty, in order each corner of the country and every countrymen to be treated with respect and dignity.

A celebratory performance at Republic Square

“The Armenian people  had to win, because the blood of the heroes of Sardarapat, Bash Aparan is flowing in its veins, the blood of Aram Manukyan, the blood of Tovmas Nazarbekyan, the blood of Movses Silikyan, the blood of Daniel Bek-Pirumyan,” he said.

“The establishment of the First Republic was crowned with the proclamation of the Third Republic, was glorified with the victory of our people in the Artsakh War and gained worldwide fame with the non-violent people’s velvet revolution,” the PM said.

The holiday was wrapped up with a concert in Yerevan’s Republic Square in the evening.

On May 28, 1918 the Armenian people restored their independence, which was lost nearly 9 centuries earlier, with the triumphant victories in the fierce battles of Karakilisa, Bash Abaran and Sardarapat.

With this victory, Armenian troops were able to stop the Turkish invasion to Transcaucasia and saved Armenia from total destruction.

On May 28, after the collapse of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic in Tbilisi, the Armenian National Council declared the Republic of Armenia.

The first Prime Minister of the First Armenian Republic was Hovhannes Kajaznuni, and the last Simon Vratsyan.

The short-lived First Republic of Armenia was subsequently invaded by the Red Army in 1920 and two years later the country became part of the USSR.



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